Needle punched, fabric processing techniques
When it comes to the quality and durability of the fabrics, we are talking about needle punching, especially for those where designs and an intimate union of the fabrics are envisaged, so as to arrive inside the stitches without any stitching.
If you are a tailor or in any case if you take sewing courses or attend professional fashion schools; surely you have already heard this term. If you do not have a technical knowledge of this sector, we will explain the various processing techniques in a simple and intuitive way.
What does needle punched consist of?
Needle punched, concerns all those materials where you want to protect the high resistance of the fabrics. The materials joined together by Needle punching, are defined as “Non-woven” or “Non-woven fabrics”. This definition, derives from the fact that inside there is no real weaving, but a mechanical union of the different fabrics.
The needle punching process, consists of a series of needles that puncture the fabric, picking up the base material underneath the stitches and intertwining them to reinforce the fabric.
What are the uses of needle punched?
This process, is suitable for the most diverse sectors, not just the textile sector. One of the uses of this technique is the chemical sector, where by combining two and more fabrics, different types of filters are obtained, depending on the mesh and materials used.
In addition, needle punched is also used for the sectors:
- water: construction of dams for the materials used to contain water;
- rail: to reinforce the bases, keeping them away from humidity;
- agriculture: for the construction of air and water filters, combining the fibers;
- medical sector: dresses and uniforms are made as disposable gowns; gauze; masks and materials for use in the hospital.
As you can see, it is a very valuable technique for this reason it is possible to implement it in many sectors. Despite this, the greatest use is in the textile field.
Needle punched, allows you to create designs on fabrics that last over time, it is perfect for combating wear and tear caused by washing. In fact, unlike printed and embroidered fabrics where glue is used, needle punched gives greater resistance.
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Why do we talk about water needle punched? What is it about?
Less invasive and more delicate than the traditional one, is water needle punching. In this technique, instead of needles, high pressure jets are used, which widen the stitches and mechanically act in the same way as curved needles. This technique works, without ruining the base fabric. This type of technique is also commonly called “Spunlace”.
A technique that improves life
As explained in this article, the uses of this technique are many and it has certainly significantly improved the quality of our lives! Just think as we said about the medical use; to air systems; to purification plants that could not use the filters. Needle punched, has ensured improvements in many areas and continues to do so.
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